您的位置:  首页 > 技术杂谈 > 正文

MySQL Shell如何接管手动搭建(含仲裁节点)MGR集群

2023-11-30 11:00 https://my.oschina.net/GreatSQL/blog/10314910 GreatSQL 次阅读 条评论

MySQL Shell如何接管手动搭建(含仲裁节点)MGR集群

本文源自GreatSQL社区用户的一次提问:

Q:一个包含仲裁节点(ARBITRATOR)的GreatSQL MGR集群,一开始是用手动方式构建,后来想用MySQL Shell接管,可以吗?

A:是可以的,不过也有一定局限性

具体的操作如下

检查当前MGR集群情况

greatsql> select * from performance_schema.replication_group_members;
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+-------------+----------------+----------------------------+
| CHANNEL_NAME              | MEMBER_ID                            | MEMBER_HOST   | MEMBER_PORT | MEMBER_STATE | MEMBER_ROLE | MEMBER_VERSION | MEMBER_COMMUNICATION_STACK |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+-------------+----------------+----------------------------+
| group_replication_applier | 04b57be0-73a0-11ee-a450-00155d064000 | 192.168.5.170 |     3307    | ONLINE       | SECONDARY   | 8.0.32         | XCom               |
| group_replication_applier | 0b157081-73a7-11ee-899b-00155d064000 | 192.168.5.170 |     3308    | ONLINE       | ARBITRATOR  | 8.0.32         | XCom               |
| group_replication_applier | d4b877cf-16f0-11ee-9e98-00155d064000 | 192.168.5.170 |     3306    | ONLINE       | PRIMARY     | 8.0.32         | XCom               |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+-------------+----------------+----------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

可以看到三个节点都是ONLINE状态

专属账户增加相应授权

连接 Primary 节点,查看下原来的账户权限情况,对MGR专属账户增加相应授权

greatsql> show grants for GreatSQL;
+--------------------------------------------------+
| Grants for GreatSQL@%                            |
+--------------------------------------------------+
| GRANT REPLICATION SLAVE ON *.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%` |
| GRANT BACKUP_ADMIN ON *.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%`      |
+--------------------------------------------------+

可以看到该权限并不能足以让 Shell 使用,需要增加授权才可以

以下是用 Shell 接管的 MGR 集群专属账户授权,手动添加到权限一致即可

greatsql> show grants for GreatSQL;
# 只展示关键权限部分
| GRANT SELECT, RELOAD, SHUTDOWN, PROCESS, FILE, EXECUTE, REPLICATION SLAVE, REPLICATION CLIENT, CREATE USER ON *.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%` WITH GRANT OPTION|
| GRANT BACKUP_ADMIN ON *.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%`|
| GRANT CLONE_ADMIN,CONNECTION_ADMIN,GROUP_REPLICATION_ADMIN,PERSIST_RO_VARIABLES_ADMIN,REPLICATION_APPLIER,REPLICATION_SLAVE_ADMIN,ROLE_ADMIN,SYSTEM_VARIABLES_ADMIN ON *.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%` WITH GRANT OPTION|
| GRANT INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON `mysql`.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%` WITH GRANT OPTION|
| GRANT INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, REFERENCES, INDEX, ALTER, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES, EXECUTE, CREATE VIEW, SHOW VIEW, CREATE ROUTINE, ALTER ROUTINE, EVENT, TRIGGER ON `mysql_innodb_cluster_metadata`.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%` WITH GRANT OPTION          |
| GRANT INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, REFERENCES, INDEX, ALTER, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES, EXECUTE, CREATE VIEW, SHOW VIEW, CREATE ROUTINE, ALTER ROUTINE, EVENT, TRIGGER ON `mysql_innodb_cluster_metadata_bkp`.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%` WITH GRANT OPTION      |
| GRANT INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, REFERENCES, INDEX, ALTER, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES, EXECUTE, CREATE VIEW, SHOW VIEW, CREATE ROUTINE, ALTER ROUTINE, EVENT, TRIGGER ON `mysql_innodb_cluster_metadata_previous`.* TO `GreatSQL`@`%` WITH GRANT OPTION |

上述授权工作在 Primary 节点执行完后,Secondary节点会自动跟随。ARBITRATOR节点需要手动处理。

ARBITRATOR节点手动增加授权

修改 **ARBITRATOR **节点的my.cnf,关闭 ARBITRATOR 角色

(设置 group_replication_arbitrator = 0),并记得确保MGR不会自动启动

(设置 group_replication_start_on_boot = OFF),然后重启该实例。

重启完成后,此时尚未启动MGR进程,因此 ARBITRATOR 节点会变成一个普通实例,可以对其进行读写操作。

-- 手动增加相应授权
greatsql> set sql_log_bin = 0;
-- 参考第2步,手动增加相应授权
greatsql> GRANT ....

确认授权完成后,即可关闭该实例,重新启用 ARBITRATOR 角色(设置 group_replication_arbitrator = 1),重启实例,但先不启动 MGR进程,后面再说。

用MySQL Shell接管MGR

利用Shell接管现有MGR:

mysqlsh> c=dba.create_cluster("mgr",{"adoptFromGR": "true"})

参数{"adoptFromGR": "true"}的作用就是告诉Shell,接管现有MGR集群,而不是全新创建一个。

之后会很顺利地完成接管,此时只有 PrimarySecondary 两个节点:

shell> c=dba.create_cluster("mgr", {"adoptFromGR":"true"})
A new InnoDB cluster will be created based on the existing replication group on instance '127.0.0.1:3306'.

Creating InnoDB cluster 'mgr' on '192.168.5.170:3306'...

Adding Seed Instance...
Adding Instance '192.168.5.170:3307'...
Adding Instance '192.168.5.170:3306'...
Resetting distributed recovery credentials across the cluster...
NOTE: User 'mysql_innodb_cluster_3307'@'%' already existed at instance '192.168.5.170:3306'. It will be deleted and created again with a new password.
Cluster successfully created based on existing replication group.

查看下状态

shell> c.status()
{
  "clusterName": "mgr",
  "defaultReplicaSet": {
     "name": "default",
     "primary": "192.168.5.170:3306",
     "ssl": "DISABLED",
     "status": "OK_NO_TOLERANCE",
     "statusText": "Cluster is NOT tolerant to any failures.",
     "topology": {
        "192.168.5.170:3306": {
          "address": "192.168.5.170:3306",
          "memberRole": "PRIMARY",
          "mode": "R/W",
          "readReplicas": {},
          "replicationLag": null,
          "role": "HA",
          "status": "ONLINE",
          "version": "8.0.32"
        },
        "192.168.5.170:3307": {
          "address": "192.168.5.170:3307",
          "memberRole": "SECONDARY",
          "mode": "R/O",
          "readReplicas": {},
          "replicationLag": null,
          "role": "HA",
          "status": "ONLINE",
          "version": "8.0.32"
        }
     },
     "topologyMode": "Single-Primary"
  },
  "groupInformationSourceMember": "192.168.5.170:3306"
}

连接ARBITRATOR节点,启动MGR进程

连接 ARBITRATOR 节点,并执行 start group_replication 启动MGR进程,此时能看到各节点状态工作正常:

greatsql> select * from performance_schema.replication_group_members;
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+-------------+----------------+----------------------------+
| CHANNEL_NAME              | MEMBER_ID                            | MEMBER_HOST   | MEMBER_PORT | MEMBER_STATE | MEMBER_ROLE | MEMBER_VERSION | MEMBER_COMMUNICATION_STACK |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+-------------+----------------+----------------------------+
| group_replication_applier | 04b57be0-73a0-11ee-a450-00155d064000 | 192.168.5.170 |        3307 | ONLINE       | SECONDARY   | 8.0.32         | XCom                       |
| group_replication_applier | 0b157081-73a7-11ee-899b-00155d064000 | 192.168.5.170 |        3308 | ONLINE       | ARBITRATOR  | 8.0.32         | XCom                       |
| group_replication_applier | d4b877cf-16f0-11ee-9e98-00155d064000 | 192.168.5.170 |        3306 | ONLINE       | PRIMARY     | 8.0.32         | XCom                       |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+-------------+----------------+----------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

切换到 MySQL Shell 查看

shell> c.status()

    "clusterName": "mgr",
    "defaultReplicaSet": {
        "name": "default",
        "primary": "192.168.5.170:3306",
        "ssl": "DISABLED",
        "status": "OK",
        "statusText": "Cluster is ONLINE and can tolerate up to ONE failure.",
        "topology": {
            "192.168.5.170:3306": {
                "address": "192.168.5.170:3306",
                "memberRole": "PRIMARY",
                "mode": "R/W",
                "readReplicas": {},
                "replicationLag": null,
                "role": "HA",
                "status": "ONLINE",
                "version": "8.0.32"
            },
            "192.168.5.170:3307": {
                "address": "192.168.5.170:3307",
                "memberRole": "SECONDARY",
                "mode": "R/O",
                "readReplicas": {},
                "replicationLag": null,
                "role": "HA",
                "status": "ONLINE",
                "version": "8.0.32"
            },
            "192.168.5.170:3308": {
                "address": "192.168.5.170:3308",
                "instanceErrors": [
                    "WARNING: Instance is not managed by InnoDB cluster. Use cluster.rescan() to repair."
                ],
                "memberRole": "ARBITRATOR",
                "mode": "R/O",
                "readReplicas": {},
                "replicationLag": null,
                "role": "HA",
                "status": "ONLINE",
                "version": "8.0.32"
            }
        },
        "topologyMode": "Single-Primary"
    },
    "groupInformationSourceMember": "192.168.5.170:3306"
}

可以看到已经能看到所有节点,包括 ARBITRATOR 节点,但是因为该节点无法对其进行读写,所以实际上 Shell 接入时的一些初始化工作还是没完全执行,所以才有上面的提示:

"instanceErrors": [
"WARNING: Instance is not managed by InnoDB cluster. Use cluster.rescan() to repair."
],

不过并不影响,因为该节点只需参与MGR投票即可,可以忽略这个错误。

不知道注意到了没有,在这个过程中,并不需要像添加常规 Secondary 节点那样要 CLONE 全量数据

**提醒:**后续如果要通过 Shell 对 MGR 做些操作,可能 ARBITRATOR 节点会提示不支持,此时只需临时把 ARBITRATOR 的MGR进程关闭,必要的操作执行完毕后再次启动MGR进程即可。

至此,就完成了 Shell 接管 MGR 集群的过程。


这里附带几个FAQ:

Q:在GreatSQL MGR集群中,新增 ARBITRATOR 节点时,是否一定要 CLONE 数据?

因为如果当前 Primary 节点上数据量巨大时,每次都 CLONE 代价太高了,那么第一次加入 ARBITRATOR 节点的成本有点难以接受。

A:当MGR中Primary节点已有用户数据时,无论是用 Shell 还是手动加入一个新的仲裁节点(ARBITRATOR),首次加入都需要经过 CLONE 的过程(即便是在启动前已经设置group_replication_arbitrator = 1) 变通的办法有几个:

  1. 第一个加入的ARBITRATOR节点,可以在加入成功后,关闭ARBITRATOR角色,然后删除所有用户数据,这时候就变成一个空实例了,再次重启后,再开启ARBITRATOR角色,不会再次 CLONE 数据。
  2. 在上述第一个ARBITRATOR节点的基础上,在其关闭期间,做一次物理全备,然后这个备份就可以作为未来新的ARBITRATOR节点的datadir,再次加入MGR集群也不会再次 CLONE 数据。

实际上,在加入 MGR 时,判断是否需要 CLONE 数据的依据是看 gtid_purged ,因此还有第三个办法:

  1. 在完成实例初始化后,手动修改 gtid_purged,例如 set global gtid_purged = 'aaaaaaaa-aaaa-aaaa-aaaa-aaaaaaaaaaa1:1-1449587416'; 也可以跳过数据 CLONE

Enjoy GreatSQL :)

关于 GreatSQL

GreatSQL是适用于金融级应用的国内自主开源数据库,具备高性能、高可靠、高易用性、高安全等多个核心特性,可以作为MySQL或Percona Server的可选替换,用于线上生产环境,且完全免费并兼容MySQL或Percona Server。

相关链接: GreatSQL社区 Gitee GitHub Bilibili

GreatSQL社区:

image

社区有奖建议反馈: https://greatsql.cn/thread-54-1-1.html

社区博客有奖征稿详情: https://greatsql.cn/thread-100-1-1.html

(对文章有疑问或者有独到见解都可以去社区官网提出或分享哦~)

技术交流群:

微信&QQ群:

QQ群:533341697

微信群:添加GreatSQL社区助手(微信号:wanlidbc )好友,待社区助手拉您进群。

展开阅读全文
  • 0
    感动
  • 0
    路过
  • 0
    高兴
  • 0
    难过
  • 0
    搞笑
  • 0
    无聊
  • 0
    愤怒
  • 0
    同情
热度排行
友情链接